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Guidelines and Requirements for ASET Technical Reports

The completion of a technical report has been assigned as an alternative assessment by the Board of Examiners (BoE) to determine technologist-level theoretical knowledge comparability. This document specifies the requirements and guidelines for writing and submitting a technical report. The technical report must be at least 3,000 words long (excluding executive summary, table of contents, references, bibliography, and appendices). Also, the subject must be directly related to the discipline in which the applicant wishes to be certified. To ensure that the subject matter is appropriate, a reviewer deployed by the BoE must approve a detailed proposed topic of the technical report before the candidate starts writing the report.

ASET technical reports are typically classified into one of three broad categories:

1. Research report:A research report necessitates a thorough search of all material related to the subject (libraries, manufacturing specification sheets, literature, and brochures, etc.). The report may require extensive correspondence with government agencies and industry sources. "Analysis of recent and ongoing inquests into harmonics and their adverse effects" would be an example of a research report.

2. Analytical (laboratory) investigative report:An investigative report from an analytical laboratory would include an examination of a process, system, or piece of equipment. A specific application for a programmable controller, or research into various aspects of a software package that analyses distribution systems, are examples of this type of report.

3. Construction project:An applicant for a construction project report may be required to complete performance tests, write specifications, or investigate various applications. The report's emphasis should be on the application of technology instead of on the construction phase itself.


The technical report must comply with the specific ASET guidelines and include the following information:

  • Properly documented references to current technical literature to demonstrate a thorough understanding of the subject, including:
    • footnoted statements of engineering/applied science facts to illustrate the basis for the statement(s); and
    • author statements on the sources' opinions, but no author conclusions or opinions, just data
  • Calculations and supporting data are included in the report's appendices and annexes.
  • Appropriate illustrations, photos, diagrams, and tables
  • Appropriate technical report elements (see below)
  • 8.5 x 11-inch format, one-sided, double-spaced with one-inch minimum margins, written in Arial 12 font; and
  • Page numbers must be as follows:
    • Lowercase Roman numerals for the introductory pages, centered at the bottom of each page; and
    • Arabic numerals (numbers) for the report body, centered at the bottom of each page.

Essential Components of an ASET Technical Report

The following is an ordered list of the components of an ASET technical report. Each section must begin on a separate page. In addition, you should submit your report electronically in PDF format.


As the name suggests, the title page must include the report's title along with the author's name. Both of these must be at the center of the page.


It is critical to recognize and thank those who assisted, contributed, or served as technical advisors to the author. For instance, I'd like to thank Dr. Amy James for her guidance on this project. I'd also like to thank Allen Victor, B.Tech. (Eng.), for granting me access to the laboratory and use of the test equipment


The major topics, together with the page numbers associated with them, are listed in the table of contents. Minor topics are grouped as subtopics under the relevant major topic.




The executive summary is a synopsis that appears at the beginning of the report. This is a service to the reader who may not have time to read the entire report. The executive summary must be written in such a manner that a reader with some knowledge of the subject can determine whether they need to read the whole report for more detail or not. The executive summary includes (in a nutshell):

  • What prompted the investigation?
  • How was the investigation carried out?
  • A summary of the findings.
  • The findings based on the findings; and
  • The conclusion-based recommendation (actions).


The following items must be included in the introduction (in no particular order):

  • The nature of the report
  • The reason for writing the report
  • General information sources; and
  • Who approved the report (if appropriate). The introduction should have no bearing on the rest of the report's content. Guidelines and Requirements for ASET Technical Reports


a. Discussion: The discussion is the main body of the report that includes investigation details. The discussion will break down the procedure followed, and the data gathered during the evaluation (large amounts of data should be found in the appendices and simply referred to in the discussion). The discussion should be divided into subsections to present the subject matter. The technical report must attempt to fix engineering or applied science problems and show a critical analysis of a technical problem.

b. In-text citations: The technical report must be the author's original work, but every report will need outside sources of information to validate the report author's findings. A proper report must contain well-researched subject matter that is properly cited. In-text citations indicate where to look for the source of the outside information. References are numbered in sequential order as they appear in the body of the report. The page numbers where the quotes are cited are also indicated in the citation. In the reference section, where more information is provided, the citations are listed numerically. For more information on citing sources, it is recommended to review an appropriate style guide (for example, the APA Style Guide).

c. Footnotes: All the explanations and notes that are hard to adjust into the text may be incorporated as Footnotes. Footnotes are displayed at the bottom of the page.

d. Quotations: Short, direct quotations of no more than two or three lines in length should be incorporated into the text and surrounded by double quotation marks ("..."). Quotes longer than three typewritten lines begin on a new line, are introduced by a colon, are single-spaced, and are not flanked by quotation marks. In order to distinguish such quotations from the text, indent them from both sides of the page. Follow the original's paragraphing and punctuation. All quotations must be accurate. Identify all direct quotes with a footnote that includes the title, authorship, publication, and page number. The singular abbreviation for the page is "p," while the plural is "pp."

e. Exhibits: A good technical report entails an investigation of a technical matter and must be supported by "Exhibits," such as charts, tables, graphs, drawings, pictures, and so on. Exhibits must be included in the list of exhibits and must be numbered in sequential order from the beginning of the report using the format below (Exhibit #, Title). Any drawings should be in 8 1/2" x 11" or 11" x 17" format. ASET Technical Report Guidelines and Requirements.


The conclusion is the outcome of the investigation and the author's interpretation of the findings (i.e., the selection, analysis, design, evaluation, etc.). The conclusion clearly defines how the results obtained in the discussion section relate to the purpose for writing the report stated in the introduction. The conclusion illustrates critical thinking related to the author's investigation. There are often several possible conclusions. These can range from an interpretation of the results to an interpretation of the existing theory or an interpretation of the validity of the test procedures. As the conclusion contributes significantly to the report evaluation, the applicant must illustrate a technologist level of academics and competency and a technologist level of practice (i.e., consistent with the technologist profile). The interpretation and explanation of the results must demonstrate the author's critical thinking ability. This is often accomplished by comparing and contrasting the results with known theory, expected results, or the results of similar investigations.


Recommendations are based on specific conclusions and refer to actions that are required or suggested as a result of the author's data analysis. Each conclusion must include a recommendation. The recommendation section discusses potential solutions to the issue addressed in the report.


References can be described by inserting a reference number at the appropriate point in the report. The list of references is restricted to materials that have been clearly cited. The list entries must be arranged in the order in which they are cited in the article. Please refer to an appropriate style guide for more information on listing references (for example, the APA Style Guide).


The bibliography includes the list of books, articles, and works that were reviewed during the report's preparation in alphabetical order. Sources from the reference list should not be included in the bibliography.


Supplementary data generated by the author that may be too large for the body of the report and is not essential to the body of the report should be included as an appendix.


Supplementary data not created by the author that is too large for the body of the report and is not essential to the body of the report should be included in the annex (for example, data sheets and manufacturers' data).


An index is an alphabetical list of the report's specific topics.


A glossary of terms is a list of terms and words used in the report that is organized alphabetically.

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